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Union Economic Survey 2011-12: Jharkhand climbs HDI ladder

March 17, 2012

Survey 2011-12 presented by
Union finance minister Pranab
Mukherjee in Lok Sabha on
Thursday, Jharkhand found
mention for climbing up the
Human Development Index
(HDI) rankings due to better
healthcare. However, the state
was marked as the worst performer
under Mahatma Gandhi
National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
The current economic survey
assumes importance, as it’s
the nation’s reportcard of the
current fiscal.
Jharkhand has improved its
ranking from 23 in 2000 to 19
in 2007-08 as per the India
Human Development Report
2011 conducted on 28 states.
HDI consists of indices on
income, health and education
and shows a country’s overall
performance and not just in
terms of GDP growth.
Overall, Jharkhand has high
and close-to-national average
health and education indices.
(See table).
The economic survey has
pointed out Jharkhand to be the
poorest performing state in the
country under MGNREGA.
Dr Ramesh Sharan, head of
economics department, Ranchi
University, told HT, “Our
growth rate has been very sluggish.
The gap between
Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh
has widened as the latter is
doing well. Manufacturing and
agriculture has done poorly and
due to MoUs not materialising,
we have not received investment.
Similarly, the government
has also not done much to boost
the micro enterprise. These factors
have brought down our
income index drastically.”
Jharkhand has also not done,
too, well in agriculture in the
11th five year plan period due to
drought-like situations, along
with neighbouring West Bengal,
Bihar, Orissa and Eastern UP.
However, this year’s bonus rainfall
and consequential bumper
crop made a difference as
Jharkhand and Bihar are the
highest contributors to the 12-
13 million tonnes of rice produced
by the eastern belt
increasing the national production
to 250.42 million tonnes.
This means an increase of
around 15% since the drought struck
year of 2009-10.
Another poor show has been
drinking water projects. The
state has failed to achieve 50%
of its targets but recently Union
minister for drinking water
Jairam Ramesh had indicated he
would improve the performance.
Jharkhand’s ability to bring
down the infant mortality rate
(IMR) has helped it go up the
development index. IMR has
been brought down drastically
from 70 (in 2005) per 1,000 live
births to 42 (in 2012) per 1,000
live births, which is below the
national average of 47 per 1,000
live births.
The National Rural Health
Mission (NRHM) has made a
major contribution in lowering
the IMR. The state has also
introduced several social welfare
schemes, a few of which are
aimed directly at improving the
health of the girl child.
Aradhana Patnayak,
Jharkhand NRHM director, told
Hindustan Times, “The strategy
for the coming fiscal is to
increase post neo-natal care in
the first month. For this, we are
training sahiyyas to make house
visits and give new mothers
adequate information and
weigh the babies. We will provide
major and minor infrastructure
for this.”
According to the economic
survey, the state has also done
well under the Rashtriya
Swasthya Beema Yojana.

 

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